International Relations

Nepal’s China tilt

Nepal in recent years has increased its closeness to China. During last year’s constitutional crisis, China has taken advantage of anti-India feeling among Nepalese government and citizens and has moved close to China.   List of important agreements/MOUs: The agreement on transit through China where China has agreed to provide the Tianjin seaport for transit …

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Indus Water Treaty

Basics: IWT is a water-distribution treaty between India and Pakistan. It was brokered by the World Bank (then the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development). The treaty deals with sharing of water of six rivers — Beas, Ravi, Sutlej, Indus, Chenab and Jhelum between the two countries. It was signed by then Prime Minister Jawaharlal …

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Indian Ocean Rim Association

The Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), formerly known as the Indian Ocean Rim Initiative and Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation (IOR-ARC), is an international organisation consisting of coastal states bordering the Indian Ocean.   The IORA is a regional forum, tripartite in nature, bringing together representatives of Government, Business and Academia, for promoting co-operation …

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Central Asia

Major developments: India-Uzbekistan An agreement for importing uranium from Uzbekistan was signed. An agreement for a line of credit of $200 million from India for financing housing and social infrastructure projects in Uzbekistan. First-ever India-Central Asia Dialogue held at the level of foreign ministers in Samarkand, Uzbekistan.   Analyse the major areas of cooperation between …

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Chabahar Port

  Where is Chabahar port? It is located on the Makran coast, Chabahar in southeastern Iran. Its location lies in the Gulf of Oman. This coast is a relatively underdeveloped free trade and industrial zone, especially when compared to the sprawling port of Bandar Abbas further west. Also, it is the only Iranian port with …

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India-Russia Relations

Important: India and Russia are celebrating 70 years of establishment of diplomatic relations between them.   Background: India-Russia cooperation is based on the solid foundations of 1971 Treaty of Peace, Friendship and Cooperation between the Republic of India and the USSR, 1993 Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation between the Republic of India and the Russian …

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India-US : Defence Ties

Evolution of India-US Defence relations: Two parallel tracks of dialogue began in the 1990s. The strategic dialogue covering nuclear issues shifted gears following the nuclear tests of 1998 and imposition of sanctions by the U.S. India-U.S. concluded a bilateral civil nuclear cooperation agreement in 2008. The defence dialogue began in 1995 with the setting up …

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