India-USA Relations

Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA)

CAATSA stands for “Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act” This punitive act was signed by President Donald Trump in August 2017. It mandates US administration to impose sanctions on any country carrying out significant defence and energy trade with sanctioned entities in North Korea, Iran and Russia. This is an act by the Congress, thus …

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Strategic Trade Authorization-1 (STA-1)

Context: United States has designated India as Strategic Trade Authorization-1 (STA-1) country that will allow country to buy highly advanced and cutting-edge sensitive technologies from America. This coveted status brings India in par with US’s closest allies and partners such as NATO.   What is STA-1? STA-1 designation authorizes export, re-export and transfer (in-country) of …

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National Advanced Surface-to-Air Missile System-II (NASAMS-II)

India is in talks with United States to procure NASAMS-II It features new 3D mobile surveillance radars and 12 missile launchers for quicker reaction. NASAMS-II is highly adaptable mid-range solution for any operational air defence requirement. It provides tailorable, state-of-the-art defence system that can maximise the ability to quickly identify, engage and destroy current and evolving …

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Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA)

COMCASA is one of three foundational agreements that guide US high technology cooperation in defence sector with other countries. It was earlier called Communication and Information on Security Memorandum of Agreement (CISMOA) before name was changed to reflect its India-specific nature. Other two agreements are Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA) and BECA. COMCASA is …

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Generalized System of Preferences (GSP)

GSP is largest and oldest US trade preference programme introduced in 1976. It is designed to promote economic development by allowing duty-free entry for thousands of products from designated beneficiary countries both developing and developed countries. Under it, a wide range of industrial and agricultural products originating from certain developing countries are given preferential access …

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India-USA : 2+2 Dialogue

Context: India and US have established new two-by-two (2 by 2) ministerial dialogue to enhance strategic coordination between them and maintaining peace and stability in the Indo-Pacific region. The new dialogue format will replace the earlier India-US Strategic and Commercial Dialogue. It will be similar to the India-Japan 2+2 dialogue format between foreign and defence …

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India-US : Defence Ties

Evolution of India-US Defence relations: Two parallel tracks of dialogue began in the 1990s. The strategic dialogue covering nuclear issues shifted gears following the nuclear tests of 1998 and imposition of sanctions by the U.S. India-U.S. concluded a bilateral civil nuclear cooperation agreement in 2008. The defence dialogue began in 1995 with the setting up …

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