Economy Basics

Panda Bonds

Panda bonds are Chinese renminbi-denominated bonds from a non-Chinese issuer, sold in the People’s Republic of China.  The first two Panda bonds were issued in October 2005 by the International Finance Corporation and the Asian Development Bank on the same day. The Philippines issued its inaugural Panda bonds in 2018. It was the first ASEAN member to issue Panda bonds. Why in news? …

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GDP Vs GNP

GDP: Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the total money value of final goods and services produced in the economic territories of a country in a given year. GDP stands for total value of goods and services produced inside the territory of India irrespective of whom produced it – whether by Indians or foreigners. GNP: Gross …

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Share Buyback

What is share buyback? A buyback is a mechanism through which a listed company buys back shares from the market. A buyback can be done either through open market purchases or through the tender offer route. Under the open market mechanism, the company buys back the shares from the secondary market while under tender offer, …

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Safeguard Duty

Safeguard Duty is tariff barrier imposed by government on the commodities to ensure that imports in excessive quantities do not harm the domestic industry. It is mainly temporary measure undertaken by government in defence of the domestic industry which is harmed or has potential threat getting hared due to sudden cheap surge in imports. Why …

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GDP deflator

What is GDP deflator? The GDP deflator, also called implicit price deflator, is a measure of inflation. It is the ratio of the value of goods and services an economy produces in a particular year at current prices to that of prices that prevailed during the base year. This ratio helps show the extent to …

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