Mahanadi River

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  • Mahanadi is major river in East Central India.
  • It drains an area of around 141,600 square kilometres and has total course of 858 kilometres.
  • It flows through Chhattisgarh and Odisha.
  • It originates from highlands of Chhattisgarh through collection of array of streams and reaches Bay of Bengal.
  • Its left bank tributaries are Shivnath, Mand, Ib, Hasdeo and right bank are Ong, parry river, Jonk, Telen.  
  • Mahanadi valley is known for its fertile soil and flourishing agriculture. Hirakud Dam across the river is longest major earthen dam in India.