Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT)

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  • CCIT is a draft proposed by India in 1996 that is yet to be adopted by the UNGA.
  • Despite India’s efforts to push a global intergovernmental convention to tackle terrorism, the conclusion and ratification of the CCIT remains deadlocked, mainly due to opposition from three main blocs – the US, the Organization of Islamic Countries (OIC), and the Latin American countries.
  • CCIT provides a legal framework which makes it binding on all signatories to deny funds and safe havens to terrorist groups.

What does it call for?

  • Universal definition of terrorism: no good terrorist or bad terrorist.
  • Ban on all groups regardless of country of operation, cut off access to funds and safe havens.
  • Prosecution of all groups including cross border groups.
  • Amending domestic laws to make cross-border terror an extraditable offence.
  • It also addresses, among other things, the issue of Pakistan’s alleged support for cross-border terrorism in south Asia.

 

Concerns expressed by various countries:

  • US + allies: concerns over definition of terrorism, including acts by US soldiers in international interventions without UN mandate.
  • Latin American countries: concerns over international humanitarian laws being ignored.
  • There are also concerns that convention will be used to target Pakistan and restrict rights of self-determination groups in Palestine, Kashmir etc.