Lippa-Asra wildlife sanctuary

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  • The sanctuary is part of district Kinnaur in Himachal Pradesh and also is part of Moorang town.
  • It was established in 1974 and is spread over an area of 3089 hectares.
  • It hosts wide range of flora and fauna due to varied elevation, different climatic situation and topographical type of weather found in its vicinity
  • This type of weather conditions thus helps in the survival of different type of species that are housed in the sanctuary.  
  • The sanctuary has diversified wildlife that forms part of it.
  • It houses wild species of animal like Yak, Ibex, Blue Sheep, Himalayan Musk Deer, Goral, Brown Bear and Himalayan Black Bear.
  • The dry alpine scrub and dry coniferous type of forest are main type of flora found in this sanctuary. 
  • Besides, dwarf juniper scrub, coniferous forest and temperate type of forest of Himalayan region is also found in this sanctuary.

 

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Sanjay Gandhi National Park

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  • It is a protected area near Mumbai in Maharashtra.
  • It was formerly known as Borivali National Park (renamed to present name in 1996, after Sanjay Gandhi, eldest son of former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.).
  • It is notable as one of the major national parks existing within metropolis limit and is one of the most visited parks in the world.
  • It is spread over are of 103 sq.km in heart of Mumbai city and surrounded by population of 20 million people.
  • It is part of Western Ghats biodiversity and forms roughly 20.5% of Mumbai’s geographical area.
  • Kanheri Caves, 2000 year old complex of some 160 rock-cut caves (was important Buddhist learning centre) is situated within national park and is protected archaeological site.

Kolleru Bird Sanctuary

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  • Kolleru Bird Sanctuary is a sanctuary in Andhra Pradesh, India.
  • It covers 673 square kilometers.
  • It was established in November 1999, under the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972.
  • The sanctuary protects part of the Kolleru Lake wetland, which gained Ramsar Convention for International importance in 2002.
  • The main flora of the sanctuary is Phragmites karka, a weed that grows up to 10 feet in height and that offers shelter for some species of birds.

Keoladeo Bird Sanctuary

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  • Keoladeo National Park or Keoladeo Ghana National Park formerly known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary in Bharatpur, Rajasthan, is a famous avifauna sanctuary that hosts thousands of birds, especially during the winter season.
  • Over 230 species of birds are known to be resident.
  • It is also a major tourist centre.
  • It was declared a protected sanctuary in 1971.
  • It is also a World Heritage Site.
  • It is a man-made and man-managed wetland.
  • It was designated as a Ramsar site under the Wetland Convention in 1981.

Bhitarkanika National Park

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  • It is a national park located in Kendrapara district of Odisha 
  • National Park since 1998
  • Ramsar Convention site since 2002
  • Surrounded by the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary. 
  • Gahirmatha Beach and Marine Sanctuary lies to the east
  • It is home to Saltwater Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus), White Crocodile, Indian python, King Cobra, black ibis, darters and many other species of flora and fauna.
  • The sanctuary is the second largest mangrove ecosystem in India.
  • The national park and wildlife sanctuary is inundated by a number of rivers – Brahmani, Baitarni, Dhamra, Pathsala
  • The park is famous for its green mangroves, migratory birds, turtles, estuarine crocodiles and countless creeks.
  • It is said to house 70% of the country’s estuarine or saltwater crocodiles, conservation of which was started way back in 1975.

 

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