Centre for Science and Environment (CSE)

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* The MCQ Factory (TMF)
* Prelims Guidance Program 2021
* Prelims Test Series 2021

  • Non-Profit organisation
  • Based in New Delhi
  • Established in 1980
  • CSE works as a think tank on environment-development issues in India
  • Why in news? CSE awarded Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development 2018 for its work in environmental education and protection.

Himalayan State Regional Council

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* IAS4Sure Notes
* The MCQ Factory (TMF)
* Prelims Guidance Program 2021
* Prelims Test Series 2021

  • NITI Aayog has constituted Himalayan State Regional Council to ensure sustainable development of Indian Himalayan region.
  • The Council has been constituted to review and implement identified action points based on Reports of five Working Groups, which were established along thematic areas to prepare a roadmap for action.
  • It will be nodal agency for Sustainable development in Himalayan Region which consists of 12 States namely Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur,  Mizoram, Tripura, two districts of Assam namely Dima Hasao and Karbi Anglong and Darjeeling and Kalimpong in West Bengal.

Terms of reference of Council

  • It will monitor implementation of action points for Central Ministries, Institutions and 12 Himalayan State Governments in Indian Himalayan Region which include regional cooperation and river basin development, spring mapping and revival across Himalayas in phased manner for water security.
  • It will develop, implement and monitor tourism sector standards as well as bring policy coherence, strengthen skill and entrepreneurship with focus on identified priority sectors, among other action points.

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

Complete Package for Civil Service Preparation by self study :

* IAS4Sure Notes
* The MCQ Factory (TMF)
* Prelims Guidance Program 2021
* Prelims Test Series 2021

  • It is an UN agency
  • It coordinates UN’s environmental activities, assisting developing countries in implementing environmentally sound policies and practices.
  • It was founded as a result of the UN Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm Conference) in 1972
  • HQ : Nairobi, Kenya
  • UNEP also has six regional offices and various country offices.
  • Its activities cover a wide range of issues regarding the atmosphere, marine and terrestrial ecosystems, environmental governance and green economy.
  • UNEP has also been active in funding and implementing environment related development projects.
  • UNEP has aided in the formulation of guidelines and treaties on issues such as the international trade in potentially harmful chemicals, transboundary air pollution, and contamination of international waterways
  • UNEP is also one of several Implementing Agencies for the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol
  • The International Cyanide Management Code, a program of best practice for the chemical’s use at gold mining operations, was developed under UNEP’s aegis.