No-Confidence Motion

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  • In a parliamentary democracy, government can be in power only if it commands majority in directly elected House.
  • Article 75(3) of our Constitution of India embodies this rule by specifying that Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to Lok Sabha.
  • But there is no mention of a no-confidence motion in the constitution.
  • The Rule 198 of Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business of Lok Sabha provides mechanism for testing this collective responsibility.  
  • Rajya Sabha does not have procedure for moving of no-confidence motion against Government and also adjournment motion, censure motion.
  • The rule allows any Lok Sabha MP who can garner support of 50 colleagues, to introduce motion of no-confidence against the Council of Ministers.
  • Motion of No-confidence need not set out any grounds on which it is based.
  • If there are 50 MPs in favour, the motion is admitted and speaker allots date for discussion on the motion. Thereafter, discussion on motion takes place.
  • MPs who support motion highlight government’s shortcomings.
  • Then Prime Minister or ministers reply to the charges made.
  • If the government loses trust vote, it is expected to resign.

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