Prithvi Defence Vehicle (PDV) missile

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  • Prithvi Defence Vehicle (PDV) missile has been developed by indigenously by DRDO.
  • It is two-stage missile and both stages are powered by solid propellants.
  • It is intended to replace the existing Prithvi Air Defence (PAD) in PAD/Advanced Air Defence (AAD) combination.
  • It is designed for engaging targets in exo-atmosphere region at altitude 50 km of earth’s atmosphere.
  • It is guided by high-accuracy Inertial Navigation System (INS) supported by Redundant Micro Navigation System for estimating point of interception.
  • The missile is also fitted with Imaging Infrared (IIR) seeker, developed by DRDO, to distinguish between incoming warheads and decoys.

Prahaar Missile

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  • It is a surface-to-surface short-range tactical ballistic missile.
  • Solid-fuelled
  • Developed by DRDO
  • It has operational range of 150 km and flight altitude of 35 km.
  • It is quick-reaction, all-weather, all-terrain, highly accurate battlefield support tactical missile with advance manoeuvring capability.
  • It is capable of carrying multiple types of warheads weighing around 200 kg and neutralizing wide variety of targets.

 

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Long Range Surface-to-Air Missile (LRSAM)

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  • LRSAM has long-range engagement capability to penetrate deep water and land to intercept all types of aerial targets like subsonic and supersonic missiles, fighter aircraft, maritime patrolling aircraft (MPA), helicopter and sea skimming missiles.
  • It is capable of countering newest generation anti-ship missiles.
  • Indian Navy has decided to equip its all naval ships such as INS Kolkata, INS Kochi, and INS Chennai guided missile destroyers with Barak 8 LRSAM for air and missile defence.
  • Barak 8 LRSAM has been jointly developed by DRDO and IAI, Israel to be launched from ship.
  • It possesses high degree of manoeuvrability at target interception range.
  • It has maximum speed of Mach 2 with maximum operational range of 70 km (which has been increased to 100 km).

 

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HELINA

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ias4sure.com - HELINA

 

  • HELINA is helicopter launched version known of NAG ATGM, designed and developed indigenously for Indian Army under integrated guided missile development programme (IGMDP).
  • It is manufactured by India’s sole missile producer, state-owned Bharat Dynamics Limited.
  • HELINA is one of the most advanced Anti-Tank Weapons in the world.
  • It works on “fire and forget” principle and operates in Lock on Before Launch mode.
  • It has operational range of 7-10km (after air-launched).
  • It is equipped with highly advanced Imaging Infrared Radar (IIR) seeker along with integrated avionics.
  • It also possesses advanced passive homing guidance system.
  • It has been designed mainly to destroy modern main battle tanks and other heavily armoured targets.

Spike Missile

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  • Spike is an Israeli anti-tank missile.
  • It is man-portable fire-and-forget missile.
  • It is an anti-tank guided missile.
  • India is likely to soon finalise with Israel purchase of a batch of Spike anti-tank guided missiles.

 

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Barak Missile

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  • Barak is a Hebrew word for lightening
  • It is an Indian-Israeli Long Range surface-to-air missile
  • It is nuclear capable ballistic missile
  • It is designed to defend against any type of airborne threat including aircraft, helicopters, anti-ship missiles, and UAVs as well as cruise missiles and combat jets out to a maximum range of 70 km
  • It has maximum speed of Mach 2 with maximum operational range of 70 km (which has been increased to 100 km).
  • Both maritime and land-based versions of the system exist
  • Jointly developed by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) and DRDO

Astra Missile

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ias4sure.com - Astra Missile

 

  • It is a beyond-visual-range air-to-air missile (BVRAAM)
  • Astra is capable of engaging targets at varying range and altitudes allowing for engagement of both short-range targets (up to 20 km) and long-range targets (up to 80 km) using alternative propulsion modes.
  • It is indigenously developed by DRDO.
  • It is a single stage solid fuelled missile.
  • It is radar homing supersonic missile having maximum speed of Mach 4 (four times speed of sound).
  • It has advance on-board electronic counter-measures that jam radar signals from enemy radar, making tracking of the missile difficult.

Akash Missile

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 Akash Missile System

  • Indigenously developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) under the Integrated Guided-Missile Development Programme (IGMDP)
  • Mid-range surface-to-air anti-aircraft missile
  • Supersonic speeds ranging from Mach 2.8 to 3.5
  • Nuclear capable
  • It is multi target, multi directional, all weather air-defence system consisting of surveillance and tracking radars.
  • Akash is powered by Ramjet-rocket propulsion system

Agni I

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  • Short range
  • Nuclear capable
  • Surface-to-surface
  • Ballistic
  • It is first missile of the Agni series launched in 1983.
  • Developed by DRDO + DRDL (Defence Research Development Laboratory) + BDL (Bharat Dynamics Limited, Hyderabad)
  • It weighs 12 tonnes and is 15-metre-long.
  • It is designed to carry a payload of more than one tonne.
  • It is single stage missile powered by solid propellants.
  • It can hit a target 700 km away.
  • Its strike range can be extended by reducing the payload.
  • It can be fired from road and rail mobile launchers.
  • It is equipped with sophisticated navigation system which ensures it reaches the target with a high degree of accuracy and precision.
  • The missile already has been inducted into armed forces.
  • Since its induction it has proved its excellent performance in terms of range, accuracy and lethality.
  • It is also claimed to be a part of the India’s minimum credible deterrence under No first to use policy.

 

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