Pradhan Mantri JI-VAN Yojana

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Ministry: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas
Aims to provide financial support to Integrated Bioethanol Projects using lignocellulosic biomass and other renewable feedstock.
Pradhan Mantri JI-VAN
  • The scheme aims to incentivise 2G Ethanol sector and support this nascent industry by creating a suitable ecosystem for setting up commercial projects and increasing Research & Development in this area.
  • Under the scheme  12 Commercial Scale and 10 demonstration scale Second Generation (2G) ethanol Projects will be provided with a Viability Gap Funding (VGF) support in two phases:
  • Phase-I (2018-19 to 2022-23): Six commercial projects and five demonstration projects will be supported.
  • Phase-II (2020-21 to 2023-24): Six commercial projects and five demonstration projects will be supported.
  • The ethanol produced by the scheme beneficiaries will be mandatorily supplied to Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs) to further enhance the blending percentage under the ethanol blending programme.
Objectives of the Scheme
  • Accomplishing the Government of India vision to reduce import dependence by way of substituting fossil fuels with Biofuels.
  • Meeting of the GHG emissions reduction targets through progressive blending/ substitution of fossil fuels.
  • Addressing environmental concerns caused due to the burning of biomass/ crop residues & to improve the health of citizens.
  • Augmenting the farmer’s income by providing them remunerative income for their otherwise waste agriculture residues.
  • Creation of rural & urban employment opportunities in 2G Ethanol projects and Biomass supply chain.
  • Complementing the Swacch Bharat Mission by supporting the aggregation of non­food biofuel feedstocks such as waste biomass and urban waste.
  • Indigenizing of Second Generation Biomass to Ethanol technologies.
The government has set the target to achieve 10% blending percentage of Ethanol in petrol by 2022. The challenges like higher ethanol prices and simplification of the ethanol purchase system have become a hindrance. The highest ever ethanol procurement stood at around 150 crore litres during 2017-18 which is sufficient for around 4.22% blending on Pan India basis.
Hence to create 2G Ethanol capacity in the country and attract investments in this new sector Pradhan Mantri JI-VAN Yojana has been launched by the government.

Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation (SATAT)

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Ministry/Department : Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas

 

Aims at providing sustainable alternative towards affordable transportation.

 

Initiative:

  • The SATAT initiative has potential to boost availability of more affordable transport fuels, better use of agricultural residue, cattle dung and municipal solid waste, as well as provide additional revenue source to farmers.
  • It will also benefit vehicle-users as well as farmers and entrepreneurs.
  • Under it, Expression of Interest (EoI) have been invited from potential entrepreneurs to set up Compressed Bio-Gas (CBG) production plants and make available biogas in market for use in automotive fuels.

 

ias4sure.com - Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation (SATAT)

 

  • Benefits
    • It will pave way for efficient municipal solid waste management and help in tackling problem of polluted urban air due to farm stubble-burning and carbon emissions.
    • It will boost entrepreneurship, rural economy and employment and provide additional source of revenue to farmers.
    • It will also help achieve nation’s climate change goals and bring down dependency on natural gas and crude oil imports and act as a buffer against crude oil and gas price fluctuations.
    • It will also help to integrated CBS networks with city gas distribution (CGD) networks to boost supplies to domestic and retail users in existing and upcoming markets.
    • Besides retailing from OMC fuel stations, CBS can at later date be injected into CGD pipelines too for efficient distribution and optimised access of cleaner and more affordable fuel.

Pradhan Mantri UJJWALA Yojana

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Ministry/Department : Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas

Objective: To reduce health hazards of indoor pollution by providing free LPG connections to Women from BPL Households

Tagline : Swachh Indhan, Behtar Jeevan

Scheme:

  • 8 Crore (Earlier target was 5 Crore) LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) connections to poor households will be provided
  • The scheme provides free LPG connection with financial assistance of Rs. 1600/- per connection to an adult woman member of all poor families. (Earlier only BPL family identified through Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC) data were eligible)
  • With the expansion of the PMUY scheme, all the poor households can avail the benefit from PMUY and it will not be mandatory to be part of the Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC) list or the seven identified categories under the programme to be eligible for the scheme.
  • Eligible households will be identified in consultation with state governments and Union territories.
  • The scheme will be implemented by 2020. (Older target was to be achieved by 2019).
  • Consumers will have the option to purchase gas stove and refills on EMI.
  • It seeks to empower women and protect their health by shifting them from traditional cooking based on unclean cooking fuels or fossil fuels to clean cooking gas.

New Changes:

  • Target increased from 5 Cr to 8 Cr
  • Time period extended from 2019 to 2020
  • Cabinet also approved proposal to expand scheme to cover all SC/ST households, beneficiaries of Antyoday Anna Yojana (AAY), PMAY (Gramin), forest dwellers, most backward classes (MBC), Tea and Ex-Tea Garden Tribes, people residing in Islands and rivers etc. in addition to SECC identified households.
  • This move will address practical difficulty faced in implementation of PMUY, namely, targeting genuinely poor households

left out of Socio Economic Caste Survey (SECC) list

Why launched?

  • Because burning wood/coal is leading to rising pulmonary, cataract and heart diseases
  • According to health experts, the smoke released in the burning process contains hazardous gases like carbon monoxide, particulate matter, etc. Unclean cooking fuels are the main source of indoor air pollution that causes non-communicable diseases such as heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lung cancer
  • Generally, poor women are victims of these toxic gases. They have no alternative and thus they are forced to use them