National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC)

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  • NSDC is Public Private Partnership (PPP) under Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE).
  • It was founded in 2009 as not-for-profit company by Ministry of Finance to address need for providing skilled manpower across various industry sectors.
  • Government of India (GoI) through MSDE holds 49% of share capital of NSDC, while private sector has balance 51% of the share capital.
  • NSDC aims to promote skill development by catalysing creation of large, quality and for-profit vocational institutions.
  • Its objective is to create training capacity in the country; fund vocational training initiatives and create market ecosystem for skill development.
  • Its mandate is to train 150 million people by 2022.
  • It is also involved in re-skilling and also in catering to skilled manpower requirement of overseas markets, most notably that of Japan (under TITP) and UAE.

Zoological Survey of India (ZSI)

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  • It is India’s apex organization on animal taxonomy.
  • Its objective is to promote survey, exploration, research and documentation on various aspects of animal taxonomy in Indian subcontinent.
  • It also seeks advancement of knowledge on animal taxonomy.
  • It was established in 1916 and headquartered in Kolkata.
  • It has been declared as designated repository for National Zoological Collection as per section 39 of the National Biodiversity Act, 2002.

 

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)

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  • Formerly known as United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund is special program of UN devoted to aiding national efforts to improve the health, nutrition, education, and general welfare of children.
  • It was created in 1946 to provide relief to children in countries devastated by World War II.
  • It is headquartered in New York City.
  • After 1950, it directed its efforts toward general programs for improvement of children’s welfare, particularly in less-developed countries and various emergency situations.
  • Its broader mission was reflected in present name adopted in 1953.
  • It was awarded Nobel Prize for Peace in 1965.
  • Since 1996 UNICEF programs have been guided by Convention on Rights of the Child (1989), which affirms right of all children to enjoyment of highest attainable standard of health and to facilities for treatment of illness and rehabilitation of health.
  • Much of UNICEF’s efforts are concentrated in areas in which relatively small expenditures, but have significant impact on lives of the most disadvantaged children, such as the prevention and treatment of disease.
  • Its activities are financed by both government and private contributions.
  • It supports immunization programs for childhood diseases and programs to prevent spread of HIV/AIDS.
  • It also provides funding for health services, educational facilities and other welfare services.

Indian Meteorological Department (IMD)

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  • It is national meteorological service of the country and chief government agency dealing in everything related to meteorology, seismology and associated subjects.
  • It was formed in 1875.
  • It functions under Ministry of Earth Sciences.
  • It is headquartered in New Delhi.

Mandate

  • Undertake meteorological observations and provide current information and forecasting information for most favorable operation of weather-dependent activities such as irrigation, agriculture, aviation, shipping etc.
  • Offer warning against severe weather phenomenon such as tropical cyclones, norwesters, dust storms, heat waves, cold waves, heavy rains, heavy snow, etc.
  • Provide met-related statistics needed for agriculture, industries, water resources management, oil exploration, and any other strategically important activities for the country.
  • Engage in research in meteorology and allied subjects.
  • Detect and locate earthquakes and evaluate of seismicity in various parts of the country for developmental projects.

 

INTERPOL

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  • Interpol is global police co-operation agency and a non-governmental organization (NGO).
  • It was established as the International Criminal Police Commission (ICPC) in 1923.
  • Its headquartered is located at Lyon, France.
  • It is the world’s largest international police organization, with 194 member countries (including India).
  • It is second-largest international organization after United Nations in terms of international representation.
  • Its work focuses on public safety and battling terrorism, crimes against humanity, genocide, war crimes, environmental crime etc.
  • It seeks to facilitate international police cooperation even where diplomatic relations do not exist between particular countries.
  • It ensures that police around world have access to tools and services necessary to do their jobs effectively.
  • It also provides targeted training, expert investigative support, relevant data and secure communications channels.

 

Airports Authority of India (AAI)

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  • It is a statutory body under the aegis of Ministry of Civil Aviation.
  • It is responsible for creating, upgrading, maintaining and managing civil aviation infrastructure in India.
  • It was founded in 1995 and is headquartered in New Delhi.
  • It also provides Air traffic management (ATM) services over Indian airspace and adjoining oceanic areas.
  • It manages around 125 airports in India, which include 18 International Airport, 07 Customs Airports, 78 Domestic Airports and 26 Civil Enclaves at Defense airfields.

 

Enforcement Directorate (ED)

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  • It is economic intelligence and law enforcement agency responsible for enforcing economic laws and fighting economic crime in India.
  • It functions under aegis of Department of Revenue, Union Ministry of Finance.
  • Its prime objective is enforcement of two key Acts of Government of India namely:
    • Foreign Exchange Management Act 1999 (FEMA) and
    • Prevention of Money Laundering Act 2002 (PMLA)
to check money laundering by curb black money and hawala trade cases.
  • It is composed of officers from the Indian Revenue Service, Indian Police Service and the Indian Administrative Service.
  • It was established in 1956 as ‘Enforcement Unit’ in Department of Economic Affairs.
  • It is headquartered in New Delhi.

Press Council of India

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  • The Press Council of India is a statutory body in India that governs the conduct of the print media.
  • Presently, the Council functions under the Press Council Act 1978 which arose from the recommendations of the Second Press Commission of India (1978).
  • The Press Council is a quasi-judicial body which acts as a watchdog of the press.
  • It adjudicates the complaints against and by the press for violation of ethics and for violation of the freedom of the press respectively.
  • Composition:
  • It consist of Chairman (who has by convention, been a retired judge of Supreme Court) and 28 other members of whom 20 represent press, five are nominated from two Houses of Parliament and three represent cultural, literary and legal fields.
  • Functions:
  • It is statutory, quasi-judicial body acting as watchdog of press.
  • It adjudicates complaints against and by the press for violation of ethics and for violation of the freedom of the press respectively.

 

India Infrastructure Finance Company Limited (IIFCL)

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  • It was set up in 2006 to provide long term debt for infrastructure projects.
  • It provides financial assistance to commercially viable projects, which includes projects implemented by public sector company, private sector company; or private sector company selected under Public Private Partnership (PPP) initiative.
  • IIFCL raises funds from domestic as well as external markets on strength of government guarantees.

Following sectors projects are eligible for financing from IIFCL:

  • Power;
  • Warehouses;
  • Gas pipelines;
  • Cold storage chains;
  • Fertilizer Manufacturing Industry
  • Infrastructure projects in Special Economic Zones;
  • International convention centres and other tourism infrastructure projects;
  • Road and bridges, seaports, railways, airports, inland waterways and other transportation projects.
  • Urban transport, water supply, sewage, solid waste management and other physical infrastructure in urban areas.

National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog

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  • NITI Aayog was formed on January 1, 2015.
  • It is neither a constitutional nor a statutory body.
  • NITI Aayog is created via an executive resolution of the Union Cabinet.
  • It is the premier policy ‘Think Tank’ of the Union Government, providing both directional and policy inputs.
  • It had replaced the 65-year old Planning Commission established in 1950.
  • Prime Minister is ex-officio Chairperson of the Aayog.
  • NITI Aayog plays important role in designing strategic and long term policies and programmes for the Government.
  • It also provides relevant technical advice to the Centre and States.
  • It also acts as the quintessential platform of Union Government to bring States to act together in national interest, and thereby fosters Cooperative Federalism.
  • It aims to achieve Sustainable Development Goals and to enhance cooperative federalism by fostering the involvement of State Governments of India in the economic policy-making process using a bottom-up approach.