Mammals of India Project (MaOI)

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Mammals of India Project (MaOI)

  • Mammals of India (MaOI) is a new model of repository on Indian mammals by the Scientists and Researchers from the National Centers for Biological Sciences (NCBS), Bangalore.
  • It is a citizen-scientific repository initiated in September 2018.
  • It is a first such repository of Mammals in India.

 

Special Features Of MaOI

  • It is an online, freely accessible portal whose aim is to develop individual pages for all Indian mammals covering all related information about their distribution, breeding, variation, identification and conservation.
  • The website mammalsofindia.org provides a facility to the citizen to upload photographic observations about mammals.
  • The photographs of rare species such as Red Serow from Manipur, Lynx a species of wild cat from Jammu and Kashmir, Asian Golden Cat from West Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh and Binturong, also known as bear cat, from East Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh have been uploaded on this portal.
  • This is an exclusive portal for mammals in India which will help in having a good distribution map of mammals all around the country.
  • MaOI is an initiative under Biodiversity Atlas project. The Biodiversity Atlas is a species-based bioinformatics platform.

Environment Pollution Control Authority (EPCA)

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  • EPCA is Supreme Court mandated body tasked with taking various measures to tackle air pollution in the National Capital Region.
  • It was notified in 1998 by Environment Ministry under Environment Protection Act, 1986.
  • Its mandate is to protect and improve quality of environment and prevent and control environmental pollution in National Capital Region.
  • It is also mandated to enforce Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP) in NCR as per the pollution levels.
  • In November 2017, EPCA had enforced several measures, including ban on brick kilns, closure of Badarpur thermal power plant, hot mix plants and stone crushers, and construction activities in NCR.

Green Climate Fund

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  • It is a fund within the framework of UNFCCC
  • UN backed fund.
  • It is founded to assist developing countries in adaptation and mitigation practices to counter climate change.
  • Formed in 2010
  • First mention of concept in Copenhagen Accord in CoP-15
  • Formally in CoP-16 at Cancun.
  • WB is chosen as a temporary trustee of the fund.
  • HQ : Incheon, South Korea
  • It is intended to be the centrepiece of efforts to raise Climate Finance of $100 billion a year by 2020. This is not an official figure for the size of the Fund itself, however.
  • No clarity about from where money will come in this fund.
  • Why in news? GCF has approved US $43.4 million for enhancing climate resilience for millions of people living in India’s coastal communities as part of its efforts to combat extreme impacts of climate change.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

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  • This is an intergovernmental body under the UN
  • It is a scientific body
  • Formed in 1988 by WMO (World Meteorological Organisation) and UNEP
  • It produces report based on scientific developments across the world.
  • The IPCC does not carry out its own original research, nor does it do the work of monitoring climate or related phenomena itself. The IPCC bases its assessment on the published literature
  • IPCC has so far produced five assessment reports, the latest one was published in 2014. It said that India’s high vulnerability and exposure to climate change will slow its economic growth, impact health and development, make poverty reduction more difficult and erode food security
  • It was awarded the Nobel peace prize in 2007
  • IPCC functions under UNFCC
  • The aims of the IPCC are to assess scientific information relevant to :
    1. Human-induced climate change,
    2. The impacts of human-induced climate change,
    3. Options for adaptation and mitigation

Bombay Natural History Society (BHNS)

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  • BNHS is one of the largest non-governmental organisations in India engaged in conservation and biodiversity research.
  • It was founded on 15 September 1883 and headquartered at Hornbill House, Mumbai.
  • It supports many research efforts through grants and publishes the Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society.
  • Department of Science and Technology has designated it as a ‘Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation’.
  • Why in news? It will start operating its first regional centre or avifauna observatory on the campus of Wetland Research and Training Centre near Chilika Lake.