- Nearly 90% of employable people did not receive any vocational training, posing a challenge for the government’s Skill India Campaign.
- Among persons in the 15-59 age group, about 2.2% received formal vocation training — NSSO 2011-12
- While 75% in Germany and 80% in Japan. 50% in China are skilled.
- Govt target to impart skills training to 40 crore people by 2022, and the new govt has a dedicated Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship.
- Proportion of young adults who had received vocational training was virtually unchanged between 2004-05 and 2011-2012.
- There remain multiple decision-making authorities on skills and little clarity about who exactly will do the work. Promise of corporate and foreign partnerships on skilling are pouring in, but how these mass skilling programme will take off is unclear.
- Need to design curricula as per changing job requirements.
Indian Skill Development Service
The Union cabinet gave its nod for the formations of Indian Skill Development Service (ISDS).
- Indian Skill Development Service (ISDS) will be a Group ‘A’ service of the technical cadre of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSD&E).
- ISDS was earlier called the Directorate General of Employment & Training which was under the aegis of Ministry of Labour Employment.
Why was it created?
- To improve skill development administration in the country.
- To enhance the capacity and efficiency of the organization.
The cadre will be selected through the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) and have the same ranks and profile as other Group A services such as the Indian Revenue Service, Indian Audit and Accounts Service and Indian Railway Service.
- The new cadre of officers will run the skill development and entrepreneurship ministry, help implement various skill and apprenticeship schemes conducted by the ministry as well as those by the Directorate General of Training (DGT).
- The new officers will help formulate skill policies, devise a road map for improving the apprenticeship system, revamping ITIs and also help revamp course work for various schemes.
Was it necessary?
India aims to skill some 500 million people by 2022 in both organized and unorganized sectors to improve the efficiency of the work force, provide job-ready human resources to industries and ultimately improve the competitiveness of a young demography considered crucial for the economic growth of India. To achieve these objectives, it is necessary to have such a dedicated service.
Initiatives under Skill India Mission
- Skill India Mission is an initiative of the Government of India, launched by the Prime Minister on the 16th of July 2015 with an aim to train over 40 crore people in India in different skills by 2022.
- It includes various initiatives of the government like
- National Skill Development Mission,
- National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015,
- Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) and
- Skill Loan scheme.
National Skill Development Mission
- The mission was launched for creating convergence across various sectors and different States in terms of activities relating to skill training.
- The mission would, along with consolidating & coordinating skilling efforts, expedite decision making across sectors to achieve quality skilling on a large scale.
- The scheme would be implemented through a streamlined institutional mechanism driven by Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE).
National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015
- The policy intends to create a skilling ecosystem on a large scale.
- The objective of the policy is to meet the challenges of skilling at a large scale with quality and speed, enabling the individuals to realize their full potential through the life-long learning process where the competencies are garnered via instruments such as credit accumulations, credible certifications etc.
- This policy will link skills development to improved employability and productivity.
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)
- PMKVY is a flagship scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE). It was launched with an objective of enabling a large number of youth in India to take up skill training that is relevant to specific industry, which would help them in securing a better livelihood.
- The individuals with prior skills and learning experiences would also be certified under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) component. The scheme caters monetary rewards to those individuals who have successfully completed the sanctioned training programmes.
- Sector specific skill councils such as Agriculture Sector Skill Council, Food Industry Capacity and Skill Initiative (FICSI), Health Sector Skill Council etc are established under the scheme.
Skill Loan Scheme
- The skill loan scheme was launched with an intent to support the youth willing to take up skill training programmes in the country. This Skill Loan Scheme replaced the earlier Indian Banks Association (IBA) Model Loan Scheme for Vocational Education and Training.
- Any Indian National taking admission in a course offered by Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs), Polytechnics , school recognized by Central or State education Boards, college affiliated to recognized university, training partners affiliated to National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) Sector Skill Councils, State Skill Mission, State Skill Corporation can avail loan under the scheme. The repayment period under the scheme is 3 to 7 years.
- This scheme does not discriminate against women.