National Advanced Surface-to-Air Missile System-II (NASAMS-II)

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  • India is in talks with United States to procure NASAMS-II
  • It features new 3D mobile surveillance radars and 12 missile launchers for quicker reaction.
  • NASAMS-II is highly adaptable mid-range solution for any operational air defence requirement.
  • It provides tailorable, state-of-the-art defence system that can maximise the ability to quickly identify, engage and destroy current and evolving enemy aircraft, UAV or emerging cruise missile threats.

NASAMS-II-Info

Significance for India
India’s purchase of NASAMS-II will help in preventing 9/11-type on NCT Delhi. It will also complement India’s other systems such as the medium and long-range surface-to-air missile (SAM) systems under procurement. With this, India will join league of nations including US, Russia and Israel etc. who have their own missile defence systems to protect their national capital regions.
 
India’s Air Defence:
  • India is deploying multi-tiered air defence network to fully secure its airspace from incoming fighter aircraft, missiles and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV).
  • It is also in advanced stage of talks with Russia for procurement of very long range S-400 air defence systems.
  • Apart from these imports, Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) is in the final stages of developing its two-tier Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) system which is designed to track and destroy nuclear missiles both inside (endo) and outside (exo) earth’s atmosphere.
  • Phase-I of indigenous BMD is expected to be deployed soon.

Spike Missile

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  • Spike is an Israeli anti-tank missile.
  • It is man-portable fire-and-forget missile.
  • It is an anti-tank guided missile.
  • India is likely to soon finalise with Israel purchase of a batch of Spike anti-tank guided missiles.

 

ias4sure.com - Spike Missile

Barak Missile

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  • Barak is a Hebrew word for lightening
  • It is an Indian-Israeli Long Range surface-to-air missile
  • It is nuclear capable ballistic missile
  • It is designed to defend against any type of airborne threat including aircraft, helicopters, anti-ship missiles, and UAVs as well as cruise missiles and combat jets out to a maximum range of 70 km
  • It has maximum speed of Mach 2 with maximum operational range of 70 km (which has been increased to 100 km).
  • Both maritime and land-based versions of the system exist
  • Jointly developed by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) and DRDO

Astra Missile

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ias4sure.com - Astra Missile

 

  • It is a beyond-visual-range air-to-air missile (BVRAAM)
  • Astra is capable of engaging targets at varying range and altitudes allowing for engagement of both short-range targets (up to 20 km) and long-range targets (up to 80 km) using alternative propulsion modes.
  • It is indigenously developed by DRDO.
  • It is a single stage solid fuelled missile.
  • It is radar homing supersonic missile having maximum speed of Mach 4 (four times speed of sound).
  • It has advance on-board electronic counter-measures that jam radar signals from enemy radar, making tracking of the missile difficult.

Akash Missile

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 Akash Missile System

  • Indigenously developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) under the Integrated Guided-Missile Development Programme (IGMDP)
  • Mid-range surface-to-air anti-aircraft missile
  • Supersonic speeds ranging from Mach 2.8 to 3.5
  • Nuclear capable
  • It is multi target, multi directional, all weather air-defence system consisting of surveillance and tracking radars.
  • Akash is powered by Ramjet-rocket propulsion system

INS Arihant

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  • INS Arihant is India’s first indigenously-designed, developed and manufactured nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine.
  • It was designed in 1990s and its development project was officially acknowledged in 1998.
  • Its design is based on the Russian Akula-1 class submarine.
  • It was launched in 2009 and its nuclear reactor went critical in 2013 and it was commissioned in 2016.
  • It is strategic asset developed for over two decades with Russia’s help under Advanced Technology Vessel (ATV) programme, which comes directly under Nuclear Command Authority headed by the Prime Minister.
  • INS Arihant is 6,000-tonne submarine with length of 110 metres and breadth of 11 metres.
  • It is powered by 83 MW pressurised light water nuclear reactor with enriched uranium fuel.
  • It can carry 12 Sagarika K 15 submarine launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs) having range of over 700 km.
  • As it powered by nuclear reactor it can function submerged for months without having to surface.
  • This feature allows it to travel further and with greater stealth capability.
  • It assures second strike capability to India i.e. capability to strike back after being hit by nuclear weapons first.
  • In case of India, second strike capability is important as it had committed to ‘No-First-Use’ policy as part of its nuclear doctrin

Rafale Aircraft

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  • It is a 4th generation, twin-engine, multi-role fighter aircraft.
  • It is capable of carrying out all combat missions: air defence, interception, ground support, in-depth strikes, reconnaissance, anti-ship strikes and nuclear deterrence.
  • An active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar which enables the pilot to look 200 to 400 kms away. It gives long range precision strike capability, the pilot can detect enemy aircraft and share the information and also destroy the targets.
  • The weapons package includes Meteor radar guided Beyond Visual Range (BVR) missile considered the best in the class with range of over 150 km and Scalp long range air to ground missiles. The Rafale will also be fitted with MICA missiles, an Air to Land precision missile of more than 300 km range

Tejas – Light Combat Aircraft

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Tejas – Light Combat Aircraft

  • Made in India
  • Single-seat
  • Single-jet engine,
  • Multi-role light fighter
  • It has been pegged as world’s smallest and lightest supersonic fighter
  • LCA Tejas is not the first indigenous fighter to be inducted into the IAF. In April 1967, IAF had formed the first operational squadron with the indigenous HF-24 Marut fighter
  • Designed by the Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).
  • Made under Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) programme, which began in the 1980s to replace India’s ageing MiG-21 fighters.
  • It is equipped with satellite-aided Inertial Navigation System.
  • It has digital computer-based attack system and autopilot mode.
  • It has limited reach of a little over 400-km.
  • It will be mainly used for close air-to-ground operations.
  • Why in news? Tejas Squadron formally commenced operations.

INS Vikramaditya

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  • INS Vikramaditya is the country’s most powerful aircraft carrier.
  • It was built in 1987 and had served the Soviet navy (named as Baku). It was later renamed Admiral Gorshkov under the Russian navy.
  • The Indian navy purchased the vessel in 2004 and commissioned it in November 2013 at Severodvinsk in Russia.
  • It can carry over 30 aircraft comprising MiG-29Ks, Kamov-28s, Kamov-31s, ALH-Dhruv and Chetak helicopters.
  • It was retrofitted with a Barak missile system under joint development with Israel.
  • It is based at its home port at Karwar in Karnataka.


INS-Vikramaditya 

Brahmos

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Brahmos
  • Supersonic cruise missile
  • Designed and developed by BrahMos Aerospace, a joint venture of India and Russia
  • It has derived its name from the names of two rivers, India’s Brahmaputra River and Russia’s Moskva River.
  • It operates on fire and forget principal
  • Capable of being launched from land, sea, sub-sea and air against sea and land targets
  • Carrying capacity : 300 Kg (both conventional and nuclear)
  • Speed : Mach 3 (that is, three times the speed of sound)
  • Max Range : 290 Km. Its range was extended to 450 km and plan is to increase it to 600km.
  • It is two-stage missile, the first one being solid and the second one ramjet liquid propellant.
  • BrahMos missile already has been inducted into the Indian Army and Navy
 
ias4sure.com - Brahmos
New Developments
  • India and Russia have agreed to double the range from 290 to 600 kms
  • Earlier, India was denied access to the missile technology with range over 300 km as it was not member state of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR). But India’s recent accession to MTCR, allowed Russia to provide the critical systems and technology to extend the range of the missile beyond 300km.
  • It is successfully test fired from Sukhoi-30MKI fighter jets. It makes IAF first air force in world to have successfully fire air-launched 2.8 Mach surface attack missile of this category.