Defence : Strategic Partnership Guidelines

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Strategic Partnership Guidelines
  • SP model aims to revitalise defence industrial ecosystem and progressively build indigenous capabilities in private sector to design, develop and manufacture complex weapon system for future needs of armed forces.
  • It lay emphasis on incentivisation of transfer of niche technology and higher indigenous content.
  • The SP model has four segments — submarines, single engine fighter aircraft, helicopters and armoured carriers/main battle tanks  which will be specifically opened up for the private sector.
  • Under this model, one Indian private company will be selected in each segment which will tie-up with shortlisted global equipment manufacturers to manufacture platforms in India through technology transfer under Make in India.
  • All procurements under the SP model would be executed by specially constituted Empowered Project Committees to “provide focussed attention and ensure timely execution.”
 
Significance
  • It is considered as major step towards boosting private sector participation in domestic defence manufacturing.
  • The policy had come into effect in May 2017 but progress was delayed due to lack of specific guidelines.
  • These guidelines lay emphasis on incentivisation of transfer of niche technology and higher indigenous content from global majors, who in collaboration with Indian partners are ready to make India regional and global defence manufacturing hub.
  • It will give major fillip towards encouraging self-reliance and aligning defence sector with the ‘Make in India ‘ initiative.
 
NOTE : Mention SPG in answer related to Make in India, Defence Indigenisation etc.

Strategic Trade Authorization-1 (STA-1)

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Context:
  • United States has designated India as Strategic Trade Authorization-1 (STA-1) country that will allow country to buy highly advanced and cutting-edge sensitive technologies from America.
  • This coveted status brings India in par with US’s closest allies and partners such as NATO.
 
What is STA-1?
  • STA-1 designation authorizes export, re-export and transfer (in-country) of specified items on Commerce Control List to destinations posing a low risk of unauthorised or impermissible uses.
  • Currently there are 36 countries on STA-1 list.
  • India is only South Asian country to be on the list. Other Asian countries designated as STA-1 are Japan and South Korea.
 
What are the benefits of having STA-1 designation to India?
  • Under STA-1, India and US have reached understanding under which India will receive license-free access to wide range of dual-use technologies in conjunction with steps that India has committed to take to advance its export control objectives.
  • STA-1 treatment will expand scope of technology exports subject to Export Administration Regulations (EAR) that can be made to India without individual licenses.
  • It will further enhance bilateral defence trade relationship and result in a greater volume of US exports to India.
  • It will allow US companies to more efficiently export much wider range of products to Indian high technology and military customers.
  • It will benefit US manufacturers while continuing to protect its national security.
  • It will provide India greater supply chain efficiency, both for defence and for other high-tech products that will increase activity with US systems, interoperability of systems and will reduce time and resources needed to get licensing approved.
  • It will be also competitive advantage for US, in terms of supplying those kinds of products to India.
  • This new designation reflects India’s membership in three of four multilateral export control regimes.

 

ias4sure.com - Strategic Trade Authorization-1 (STA-1)

National Advanced Surface-to-Air Missile System-II (NASAMS-II)

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  • India is in talks with United States to procure NASAMS-II
  • It features new 3D mobile surveillance radars and 12 missile launchers for quicker reaction.
  • NASAMS-II is highly adaptable mid-range solution for any operational air defence requirement.
  • It provides tailorable, state-of-the-art defence system that can maximise the ability to quickly identify, engage and destroy current and evolving enemy aircraft, UAV or emerging cruise missile threats.

NASAMS-II-Info

Significance for India
India’s purchase of NASAMS-II will help in preventing 9/11-type on NCT Delhi. It will also complement India’s other systems such as the medium and long-range surface-to-air missile (SAM) systems under procurement. With this, India will join league of nations including US, Russia and Israel etc. who have their own missile defence systems to protect their national capital regions.
 
India’s Air Defence:
  • India is deploying multi-tiered air defence network to fully secure its airspace from incoming fighter aircraft, missiles and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV).
  • It is also in advanced stage of talks with Russia for procurement of very long range S-400 air defence systems.
  • Apart from these imports, Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) is in the final stages of developing its two-tier Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) system which is designed to track and destroy nuclear missiles both inside (endo) and outside (exo) earth’s atmosphere.
  • Phase-I of indigenous BMD is expected to be deployed soon.

Spike Missile

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  • Spike is an Israeli anti-tank missile.
  • It is man-portable fire-and-forget missile.
  • It is an anti-tank guided missile.
  • India is likely to soon finalise with Israel purchase of a batch of Spike anti-tank guided missiles.

 

ias4sure.com - Spike Missile

Rafale Aircraft

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  • It is a 4th generation, twin-engine, multi-role fighter aircraft.
  • It is capable of carrying out all combat missions: air defence, interception, ground support, in-depth strikes, reconnaissance, anti-ship strikes and nuclear deterrence.
  • An active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar which enables the pilot to look 200 to 400 kms away. It gives long range precision strike capability, the pilot can detect enemy aircraft and share the information and also destroy the targets.
  • The weapons package includes Meteor radar guided Beyond Visual Range (BVR) missile considered the best in the class with range of over 150 km and Scalp long range air to ground missiles. The Rafale will also be fitted with MICA missiles, an Air to Land precision missile of more than 300 km range