Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)

  ICAR is an autonomous body responsible for co-ordinating agricultural education and research in India. It is the largest network of agricultural research and education institutes in the world. It reports to the Department of Agricultural Research and Education under the Union Ministry of Agriculture. The Union Minister of Agriculture serves as its president.

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid-Tropics (ICRISAT)

ICRISAT is a non-profit agricultural research organization. HQ : Hyderabad, Telangana. It was founded in 1972 by a consortium of organizations convened by the Ford and the Rockefeller Foundations. Its charter was signed by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). It has several regional centres around globe- Niamey (Nigeria),[…]

National Hydrology Project (NHP)

Objective is to improve ability to forecast floods and reduce vulnerability to recurring floods and droughts.   Project: It aims at improving extent, quality, and accessibility of water resources information, decision support system for floods and basin level resource planning and strengthen capacity of institutions in India. It is expected to take forward the success[…]

Legal Aid in India

Article 39A – State shall provide free legal aid to ensure that opportunities for securing justice are not denied to any citizen by reason of economic or other disability. Articles 14 – State to ensure equality before law and a legal system which promotes justice on a basis of equal opportunity to all – right[…]

Securities Laws (Amendment) Act, 2014

The Securities Laws (Amendment) Act, 2014 (SLAA) was introduced in the backdrop of the shortcomings in the law identified during the recent investigations involving collective investment schemes. The SLAA was aimed at providing SEBI with additional investigative and sanctioning powers to enable SEBI to fulfill its role and purpose as an effective securities market regulator.  […]

Labour Code : Social Security and Welfare

A draft has been released. It will provide social security cover to the entire workforce in the country, including self-employed and agricultural workers.   What does the code say? It will cover every working person whether he/she belongs to the organised sector or the unorganised sector in the country under it. Thus, for the first[…]

Commodity Trading

  A commodity market is a market that trades in primary rather than manufactured products. Soft commodities are agricultural products such as wheat, coffee, cocoa and sugar. Hard commodities are mined, such as gold and oil Commodity markets can include physical trading and derivatives trading using spot prices, forwards, futures, and options on futures. Farmers[…]


  Metrics related to human characteristics – Physiological – face recognition, iris recognition, finger prints (oldest method), DNA, retina etc. Behavioral – gait, voice, typing rhythm   Iris scan – mathematical analysis of the random pattern in the iris of the eyes by near infra red illumination (not to be confused with retinal recognition i.e. analysis of retinal blood vessels unique to every eye[…]

India as a Net Security Provider

A Net Security Provider is one that tackles its own security concerns by enhancing the mutual security of more than one country. This is done by addressing common security concerns, including dealing with transnational piracy, or responding to disasters, etc.   Usage In the Indian context the term net security provider was first used by the Americans.[…]