Questions in UPSC Civil Services Prelims 2019 from IAS4Sure Notes

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Q.1). With reference to Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), consider the following statements

1. AIIB has more than 80 member nations.

2. India is the largest shareholder in AIIB.

3. AIIB does not have any members from outside Asia.

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c). 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

IAS4Sure Coverage: https://www.evernote.com/l/AulpJosfRatEGZkFK6PHxCQ_-sXmQyLiYMU/

Q.2). What was the purpose of Inter-Creditor Agreement signed by Indian banks and financial institutions recently?

(a) To lessen the Government of India’s perennial burden of fiscal deficit nd current account deficit

(b) To support the infrastructure projects of Central and State Governments

(c) To act as independent regulator in case of applications for loans of Rs. 50 crore or more

(d) To aim at faster resolution of stressed assets of Rs. 50 crore or more which are-under consortium lending

IAS4Sure Coverage: https://www.evernote.com/l/AumAN8B2RLFBl5Nqv1-qGdg6x73yF1ITQZI/

Q.3). The Chairmen of public sector banks are selected by the

(a) Banks Board Bureau

(b) Reserve Bank of India

(c) Union Ministry of Finance

(d) Management of concerned bank

IAS4Sure Coverage: 

https://www.evernote.com/l/AumLNIxjGNdIHZy-7-oww_nylJLjm5buoIM/
https://www.evernote.com/l/AulgDqegegRIypKopucljP41cA86K4KaD88/

Q.4). Consider the following statements:

1. Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (PNGRB) is the first regulatory body set up by the Government of India.

2. One of the tasks of PNGRB is to, ensure competitive markets for gas.

3. Appeals against the decisions of PNGRB go before the Appellate Tribunals for Electricity.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

IAS4Sure Coverage: https://www.evernote.com/l/AulFQ5hnPO1Kjb-fYBQZYg5lWQ5NI2abAUM/

Q.5). Which of the following statements is / are correct regarding the Maternity Benefit ‘ (Amendment) Act, 2017?

1. Pregnant women are entitled for three months pre-delivery and three months post-delivery paid leave.

2. Enterprises with creches must allow the mother minimum six creche visits daily.

3. Women with two children get reduced entitlements.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/AunoXCw48JJAPpDMPM7RlQ6Q5YM5AyN5JMM/

Q.6). Which one of the following is not a sub-index of the World Bank’s ‘Ease of Doing Business Index’?

(a) Maintenance of law and order

(b) Paying taxes

(c) Registering property

(d) Dealing with construction permits

IAS4Sure Coverage: 

https://www.evernote.com/l/AulRsNeDW9lBraO1w309URbZVS1rtLzcjis/

Q.7). In India,’extended producer responsibility’ was introduced as an important feature in which of the following?

(a) The Bio-medical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998

(b) The Recycled plastic (Manufacturing and Usage) Rules, 1999

(c) The e-Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2011

(d) The Food Safety and Standard Regulations, 2011

IAS4Sure Coverage: 

https://www.evernote.com/l/Aul0R3y7HMZL75eb1x7JszwN1ocaodjf2O4/

Q.8). With reference to the management of minor minerals in India, consider the following statements:

1. Sand is a ‘minor mineral’ according to the prevailing law in the country.

2. State Governments have the power to grant mining leases of minor minerals, but the powers regarding the formation of rules related to the grant of minor minerals lie with the Central Government.

3. State Governments have the power to frame rules to prevent illegal mining of minor minerals.

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

(a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(e) 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

IAS4Sure Coverage: 

https://www.evernote.com/l/AumSUsFVJzZN9675clCvZR–jjSIfCVvQrQ/

Q.9). Consider the following statements:

1. Most of India’s external debt is owed by governmental entities.

2. All of India’s external debt is denominated in US dollars.

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

IAS4Sure Coverage: 

https://www.evernote.com/l/AumvwdZALCpIpYSamx_3Op6m3QLsL8OAaIw/

Q.10). Which one of the following suggested that the Governor should be an eminent person from outside the State and should be a detached figure without intense political links or should not have taken part in politics in the recent past?

(a) First Administrative Reforms Commission (1966)

(b) Rajamannar Committee (1969)

(c) Sarkaria Commission (1983)

(d) National Commission to Review the Working of the Constitution (2000)

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/AunyeDViF0hDxZGngMUymJEzTlPER1NoV1c/

Q.11). Which of the following is issued by registered foreign portfolio investors to overseas investors who want to be part of the Indian stock market without registering themselves directly?

(a) Certificate of Deposit

(b) Commercial Paper

(c) Promissory Note

(d) Participatory Note

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/Aum1Au0N2dVAAZj0E8E9H7z1KmhDduWVsd4/

Q.12). Consider the following statements

1. As per law, the Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority exists at both National and State levels.

2. People’s participation is mandatory in the compensatory afforestation programmes carried out under the Compensatory Afforestation Fund Act, 2016.

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/Aum1mJObqt5Ik4eMKqRe1Ecf8QuBOaDCMWM/

Q.13). Among the agricultural commodities imported by India, which one of the following accounts for the highest imports in terms of value in the last five years?

(a) Spices

(b) Fresh fruits

(c) Pulses

(d) Vegetable oils

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/AunoFGNbTalDLLavcwrQMMG_CVKQbXWOAdE/

Q.14). Which one of the following is not the most likely measure the Government/RBI takes to stop the slide of Indian rupee?

(a) Curbing imports of non-essential goods-and promoting exports

(b) Encouraging Indian borrowers to issue rupee denominated Masala Bonds

(c) Easing conditions relating to external commercial borrowing

(d) Following an expansionary monetary policy

IAS4Sure Coverage: 

https://www.evernote.com/l/AultHb1bO5tJ_71-jkjKf0mE7Z07MUu1VEQ/

Q.15). Consider the following statements:

The Reserve Bank of India’s recent directives relating to ‘Storage of Payment System Data’, popularly known as data diktat, command the payment system providers that

1. they shall ensure that entire data relating to payment systems operated by them are stored in a system only in India

2. they shall ensure that the systems are owned and operated by public sector enterprises

3. they shall submit the consolidated system audit report to the Comptroller and Auditor General of India by the end of the calendar year

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/AumCiADrJWpHE5-FXMvs4a6KgcYHUzmCACE/

Q.16). Which of the following adopted a law on data protection and privacy for its citizens known as ‘General Data Protection Regulation’ in April 2016 and started implementation of it from 25th May, 2018?

(a) Australia

(b) Canada

(c) The European Union

(d) The United States of America

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/AuktY3x5rGpNkq4NXlyD4EyVp8fzpXFZv8U/

Q.17). Recently, India signed a deal known as ‘Action Plan for Prioritization and Implementation of Cooperation Areas in the Nuclear Field’ with which of the following countries?

(a) Japan

(b) Russia

(c) The United Kingdom

(d) The United States of America

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/AulTiO8pBsxByJuGy-G2uvZqEj0RgUCjnTo/

Q.18). With reference to the Constitution of India, prohibitions or limitations or provisions contained in ordinary laws cannot act as prohibitions or limitations on the constitutional powers under Article 142. It could mean which one of the following?

(a) The decisions taken by the Election Commission of India while discharging its duties cannot be challenged in any court of law.

(b) The Supreme Court of India is not constrained in the exercise of its powers by laws made by the Parliament.

(c) In the event of grave financial crisis in the country, the President of India can declare Financial Emergency without the counsel from the Cabinet.

(d) State Legislatures cannot make laws on certain matters without the concurrence of Union Legislature.

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/AukIY5-6TR1NY5RnXKjpSBf6nOlWpW27Ysg/

Q.19). Consider the following statements:

1. As per recent amendment to the Indian Forest Act, 1927, forest dwellers have the right to fell the bamboos grown on forest areas.

2. As per the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006, bamboo is a minor forest produce.

3. The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 allows ownership of minor forest produce to forest dwellers.

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/AunWqlQPsShJrr3rHXKaZFTzLF4NqQHA34U/

Q.20). Consider the following statements:

The Environment Protection Act, 1986 empowers the Government of India to

1. state the requirement of public participation in the process of environmental protection, and the procedure and manner in which it is sought

2. lay down The standards for emission or discharge of environmental pollutants from various sources

Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/AukiU9-ecYJD1LfJMCMfl3iaz6OjOfNWeEU/

Q.21). As per the Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016 in India, which one of the following statements is correct?

(a) Waste generator has to segregate waste into five categories.

(b) The Rules are applicable to riotified urban local bodies, notified towns and all industrial townships only.

(c) The Rules provide for exact and elaborate criteria for the identification of sites for landfills and waste processing facilities.

(d) It is mandatory on the part of waste generator that the waste generated in one district cannot be moved to another district.

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/AukYdMP8fyZKO6SovIXbEM20nIQomO23oVM/

Q.22). Recently, scientists observed the merger of giant ‘blackholes’ billions of light-years away from the Earth. What is the significance of this observation?

(a) ‘Higgs boson particles’ were detected.

(b) ‘Gravitational waves’ were detected.

(e) Possibility of inter-galactic space travel through ‘wormhole’ was confirmed.

(d) It enabled the scientists to understand ‘singularity’.

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/AuknZAEjfbxIRZzaRJ8pIPqV4rX8lobgoV8/

Q.23). Which of the following are the reasons for the occurrence of multi-drug resistance in microbial pathogens in India?

1. Genetic predisposition of some people

2. Taking incorrect doses of antibiotics to cure diseases

3. Using antibiotics in livestock farming

4. Multiple chronic diseases in some people

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 2

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1, 3 and 4

(d) 2, 3 and 4

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/Aun_zN5hobBFyrZ93X8LT2PcYPgClD4kz7I/

Q.24). What is Cas9 protein that is often mentioned in news?

(a) A molecular scissors used in targeted gene editing

(b) A biosensor used in the accurate detection of pathogens in patients

(c) A gene that makes plants pest-resistant

(d) A herbicidal substance synthesized in genetically modified crops

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/Aun0fcBgqQFJz46budF5nMjDJUnSiPXP-uI/

Q.25). Which one of the following statements is not correct?

(a) Hepatitis B virus is transmitted much like HIV.

(b) Hepatitis B, unlike Hepatitis C, does not have a vaccine.

(c) Globally, the number of people infected with Hepatitis B and C viruses are several times more than those infected with HIV.

(d) Some of those infected with Hepatitis Band C viruses do not show the symptoms for many years.

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/AumDi3SIhlROuopHl8wbzb5Ig_g0RnIEF_8/
https://www.evernote.com/l/AunER5Qp2k9M4aUx4olhdDQSBNulgKNQpdg/

Q.26). With reference to land reforms in independent India, which one of the following statements is correct?

(a) The ceiling “laws were aimed at family holdings and not individual holdings.

(b) The major aim of land reforms was providing agricultural land to all the landless.

(c) It resulted in cultivation of cash crops as a predominant form of cultivation.

(d) Land reforms permitted no exemptions to the ceiling limits.

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/AumbONH22YhHT6runfFJ4sM6ttOBCxhP5s0/

Q.27). The Global Competitiveness Report is published by the

(a) International Monetary Fund

(b) United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

(c) World Economic Forum

(d) World Bank

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/AulXQgo04sdOS6mpdmrsNvZteDHM9xTOXUo/

Q.28). With reference to Swadeshi Movement, consider the following statements:

1. It contributed to the revival of the indigenous artisan crafts and industries.

2. The National Council of Education was established as a part of Swadeshi Movement.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/Aukbi_l8KAtA0I1gfgOHuEU6E2SrYR8NQsY/

Q.29). Consider the following statements:

1. Asiatic lion is naturally found III India only.

2. Double-humped camel is naturally found in India only.

3. One-horned rhinoceros is naturally found in India only.

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/Auk6k0cRTytEKrK_EqGPDno9JMt9L0LmMOs/
https://www.evernote.com/l/AumLhPaoZ6xLM7UcTnQtrdcE6ClbL8NfCEE/

Q.30). In a given year in India, official poverty lines are higher in some States than in others because

(a) poverty rates vary from State to State

(b) price levels vary from State to State

(c) Gross State Product varies from State to State

(d) quality of public distribution varies from State to State

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/AumuzblDiuFLxqj3ubjTWDuDks_F5x28JQA/

Q.31). Which of the following are in Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve?

(a) Neyyar, Peppara and Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuaries; and Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve

(b) Mudumalai, Sathyamangalam and Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuaries; and Silent Valley National Park

(c) Kaundinya, Gundla Brahme-swaram and Papikonda Wildlife Sanctuaries; and Mukurthi National Park

(d) Kawal and Sri Venkateswara Wildlife Sanctuaries; and Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/AumQQw8w5F9MDqEGD2uLYhTKmnrekU7S0Rc/

Q.32). Building ‘Kalyaana Mandapas’ was a notable feature in the temple construction in the kingdom of

(a) Chalukya

(b) Chandela

(c) Rashtrakuta

(d) Vijayanagara

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/AukQiSGDuUNIzJuzz9elAg3ABzX0e7GREf8/

Q.33). Atal Innovation Mission is set up under the

(a) Department of Science and Technology

(b) Ministry of Employment

(c) NITI Aayog

(d) Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/Auktb3xIXX5O6bcr7taU2K8MGQLbYVB8YJs/

Q.34). Consider the following statements:

1. The 44th Amendment to the Constitution of India introduced an Article placing the election of the Prime Minister beyond judicial review.

2. The Supreme Court of India struck down the 99th Amendment to the Constitution of India as being violative of the independence of judiciary.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/Aun25VgeWLJBJaEbjNb-bMG0oHTbKBdzOtY/
https://www.evernote.com/l/AukMG7nwC3RIDJh7sHsuf8Vb4-1l574WiJ0/

Q.35). The Ninth Schedule was introduced in the Constitution of India during the prime ministership of

(a) Jawaharlal Nehru

(b) Lal Bahadur Shastri

(c) Indira Gandhi

(d) Morarji Desai

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/AumQrJoWMeVBtb4exZmm-oYVkxqZ4-ni4u0/

Q.36). Consider the following statements:

1. Coal sector was nationalized by the Government of India under Indira Gandhi.

2. Now, coal blocks are allocated on lottery basis.

3. Till recently, India imported coal to meet the shortages of domestic supply, but now India is self-sufficient in coal production.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/AumUfFKHluhH0KkGHlMV3478Fbn6ZduD2-Y/
https://www.evernote.com/l/AumPFyYOS8JOYq6znoQ8wFiP4XcW9cW2-hw/

Q.37). Consider the following statements:

1. The Parliament (Prevention of Disqualification) Act, 1959 exempts several posts from disqualification on the grounds of ‘Office of Profit’.

2. The above-mentioned Act was amended five times.

3. The term ‘Office of Profit’ is well-defined in the Constitution of India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

IAS4Sure Coverage: 

https://www.evernote.com/l/AunXEMW4VcBGY4AmY3eHjiTV_2iRfCX_zGM/

Q.38). Under which Schedule of the Constitution of India can the transfer of tribal land to private parties for mining be declared null and void?

(a) Third Schedule

(b) Fifth Schedule

(c) Ninth Schedule

(d) Twelfth Schedule

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/AumPfthSHO9PXbR50XNaUyhaMpOusu781wM/

Q.39). Consider the following States:

1. Chhattisgarh

2. M dhya Pradesh

3. Maharashtra

4. Odisha

With reference to the States mentioned above, in terms of percentage of forest cover to the total area of State, which one of the following is the correct ascending order?

(a) 2-3-1-4

(b) 2-3-4-1

(c) 3-2-4-1

(d) 3-2-1-4

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/Aulc8rgN2KlCcLZCRxtJ8IPEEvpoEnrt9WQ/

Q.40). Which of the following statements are correct about the deposits of ‘methane hydrate?

1. Global warming might trigger the release of methane gas from these deposits.

2. Large deposits of ‘methane hydrate’ are found in Arctic Tundra and under the seafloor.

3. Methane in atmosphere oxidizes to carbon dioxide after a decade or two.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/AumDkkcofkxGxJ7V-pvw2Sou69r6PVQp9MI/
https://www.evernote.com/l/AumvsN7kk_RKn4l6McMkoq4BH5RmcYdkVm8/

Q.41). Consider the following statements:

1. Under Ramsar Convention, it is mandatory on the part of the Government of India to protect and conserve all the wetlands in the territory of India.

2. The Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2010 were framed by the Government of India based on the recommendations of Ramsar Convention.

3. The Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2010 also encompass the drainage area or catchment regions of the wetlands as determined by the authority.

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

IAS4Sure Coverage:

https://www.evernote.com/l/AukEAfoY7ixHk5wYtdeQSPUyTkUo4QYrES8/
https://www.evernote.com/l/Aukx7JpqSItMkZt9nFZGSZM04lbA9lDJxUM/